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Belly Dance
Rhythms DVD

Mastering Belly Dance Rhythms


The music of Belly Dance is a rich tapestry of rhythms from many cultures. Belly Dance rhythms come from many countries—not only from the Near- and Middle-East, but from as far away as central Africa, India, Bali, and even Latin America. Today’s trend is to “mix it up,” fusing rhythms and musical flavors from many cultures to lend excitement and originality to a dance performance. This fusion trend is also evident in dance styles, blending moves from many ethnic dances, necessitating the need for unique musical combinations.

Using the Audio Files:
Suggestions for Dancers

If you have a decent audio program, such as the FREE Audacity or Sony’s SoundForge, then you can create drum solos for yourself to dance to! Simply download the short clips (links to the right) and string the audio files into a single track to create coherent customized music tracks of the length you desire. You have my permission to use these audio files in this manner, as long as you do not attempt to sell your assemblages. Use them for your practice and rehearsal sessions, stage performances, or even as teaching tools for your students.

A simple method to accomplish this is to import the individual files into separate tracks (into Audacity, for example), and copy the files onto a single track, concatenating the files to any length you desire.

Some Suggestions
for Creating Tracks

Example Drum Solo Tracks
Constructed from the Clips

4/4 & 8/4 Rhythms PolyPattern—120 bpm: Maksoum, Baladi, Sa’idi, Masmoudi, Baladi, Sai’idi, Maksoum

2/4 Rhythms PolyPattern—100 bpm: Ayoub-basic, Africani-basic, Ayoub-basic, Africani-complex, Ayoub-basic, Africani-2x-complex, Ayoub-basic; …repeated


6/8 Rhythms PolyPattern—100 bpm: Yuruk-Daraj-basic, Yuruk-Daraj-complex, Shish-Hasht-basic, Shish-Hasht-complex, Shish-Hasht-2x-complex, Kurdish-basic, Kurdish-complex, Yuruk-Daraj-basic

7/8 Rhythms PolyPattern—120 bpm: Dawr-Hindi-basic, Dawr-Hindi-basic-var2, Dawr-Hindi-complex, Dawr-Hindi-2x-complex, Laz, Dawr-Hindi-basic, Laz, Dawr-Hindi-basic-var2, Laz, Dawr-Hindi-complex, Laz, Dawr-Hindi-2x-complex, Laz

9/8 Rhythms PolyPattern—120 bpm: Karshlamá-basic, Karshlamá-complex, Samai’i Aqsaq-basic, Samai’i Aqsaq-complex; …repeated

You may access the Rhythm Pages from the Menu or from these links:

Mastering Belly Dance Rhythms

Group I: Maksoum, Baladi, Sa’idi, Masmoudi
Group II: Ayoub, Khaliji, Fallahi, Karachi, Africani, Adani

Group III: Hajah, Bayou1, Bayou2, Fox, Jaark
Group IV: Bambi, Chobiyah

Group V: Vals, Yuruk Daraj, Shish-Hasht, Kurdish 6/8
Group VI: Karshlamá, Samai’i Aqsaq

Group VII: Dawr Hindi, Laz (Kalamatiano)
Group VIII: Jurjuna, Samai’i Tawashi, Aaraj

Group IX: Zaar, Malfouf, Rasba
Group X: Wahda-Nous, Chiftetelli

Group XI: Rhumba, Bolero (Ravelian)

Mastering Belly Dance Rhythms DVD—all the rhythms in animated graphics (CGI) timed frame-to-music for a total understanding of rhythm structure.

Sample Video Clip from the DVD: Maksoum rhythm

Belly Dance Rhythm Resource book by ethnomusicologist Richard Adrian Steiger. Includes most of the rhythms discussed on these pages with lots of background on structure, history, and origins.

Zills on Fire finger-cymbal training CD by Lily Splane. Comes with 22-page instructional booklet.

CyberBelly music CD. Perfect for the American belly-dance student who needs beautiful music to practice to without the challenge of unfamiliar ethnic instrumentation!

The Rhythm Pages include descriptions of rhythms used in modern Belly Dance—from common to eclectic. Links are also available for downloading MP3 clips of the rhythms to listen to and construct your own tracks for practice or performance. Naming conventions for the clips follow this formula:

Rhythm name_[variation or instrument]_complexity/tempo


An example is:


…in which the rhythm is a Persian 6/8 known as Shish-Hasht played with the Darieh at a tempo of 100 beats per minute. “2x-complex” refers to a double-complex rhythm structure (other structures are basic and complex).

Most rhythms are generated with an electronic (MIDI VSTi) darbouka, but some rhythms also include a version played with the bendir (small frame drum) or Darieh (Persian frame drum with metallic jingles). Though the Darieh is appropriate for the collection of 6/8 rhythms on Page 3 (Group V), some clips include the instrument for enjoyment; that is, those rhythms are not typically performed with the Darieh, but are included for fun.

MBDR Video 1

Navigation by WebRing.

Get the DVD—

35 Rhythms!

2½ Hours!

Only $35

MBDR Video 1